MODAL VERBS LÀ GÌ? BÀI LUYỆN TẬP ĐỘNG TỪ KHUYẾT THIẾU

     

Can, could, should, must,…Chúng ta đã làm được học cục bộ lý thuyết về cồn từ khuyết thiếu. Hãy dành thời gian làm những bài tập hễ từ khuyết thiếu thốn để hiểu rõ và nhớ lâu hơn.

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Lý thuyết

Cùng ôn tập các định hướng cơ bạn dạng trước lúc đến phần bài tập động từ khiến khuyết nhé.

CAN / CAN’T: bài toán nào kia có/không thể xảy ra hoặc fan nào đó có/không năng lực làm câu hỏi gì.COULD / COULDN’T (quá khứ của CAN): thường dùng với các động từ quan trọng như see, hear, smell, taste, feel, remember, understand.BE ABLE TO: dùng rứa cho CAN / COULD, cần sử dụng khi muốn nói fan nào này đã xoay xở làm được vấn đề gì trong 1 trường hợp cụ thể.MUST / MUSTN’T: tin chắc một điều nào đấy đúng/không đúng sự thật, đôi khi mang nghĩa bắt buộc. MUST nói về hiện tại cùng tương lai, còn HAVE TO cần sử dụng được trong toàn bộ các thể.MAY / MIGHT: việc nào đó rất có thể xảy ra (ý nghĩa tương lai).SHOULD / OUGHT TO: dùng khi muốn đưa ra ý kiến, lời khuyên.

Lưu ý:

CAN, COULD, WOULD, MAY: được sử dụng trong câu đề nghị, yêu mong cho phép, lời mời (thường là câu hỏi)Các modal verb vẫn được dùng trong tình huống quá khứ: COULD / MUST / MAY / MIGHT / SHOULD + HAVE + thừa khứ phân từCòn phần lớn khi sử dụng thì hiện tại: MODAL VERB + V-bare (động từ nguyên mẫu)

Exercise

6 bài tập động từ khiến cho khuyết rất quan trọng cho học viên củng cố kỉnh kiến thức. Mời chúng ta theo dõi và thực hành nội dung này.

Exercise 1. Complete these sentences with can / can’t, could / couldn’t or be able khổng lồ (correct form). Sometimes it is possible lớn use more than one modal verb

1) Tom……………drive but he hasn’t got a car.

2) I can’t understand Martin. I’ve never……………….understand him.

3) He had hurt his leg, so he……………..walk very well.

4) She wasn’t at trang chủ when I phoned, but I……………..contact her at the office.

5) I looked very carefully & I……………see a figure in the distance.

6) I used to…………..stand on my head but I can’t vị it now.

7) They didn’t have any tomatoes in the first cửa hàng I went to, but I……………get some in the next shop.

8) My grandmother loved music. She……………..play the piano very well.

9) Ask Ann about your problem. She should…………….help you.

10) The boy fell into the river but fortunately we……………..rescue him.

Exercise 2. Read a situation & write a sentence with must have or couldn’t have (done). Use the words in brackets

1) That dress you bought is very good quality. (It must / be / very expensive)

2) I haven’t seen Jim for ages. (He must / go away)

3) I wonder where my umbrella is. (You must / leave it on the rain)

4) Don passed the examination. He didn’t study very much on it. (The exam couldn’t / be / very difficult)

5) She knew everything about our plans. (She must / listen / khổng lồ our conversation)

6) Dennis did the opposite of what I asked him lớn do. (He couldn’t / understand / what I said)

7) When I woke up this morning, the light was on. (I must / forget / lớn turn it off)

8) I don’t understand how the accident happened. (The driver couldn’t / see / the red light)

9) The phone rang but I didn’t hear it. (I must / be / asleep)

10) She passed me in the street without speaking. (She couldn’t / see / me)

*

Exercise 3. Read the situation & decide what you want to lớn say. Use modal verbs

1) You have khổng lồ carry some heavy boxes upstairs. Ask someone lớn help you.

2 You want your friend to lớn show you how to lớn change the film in your camera. What bởi you say to him/her?

3) You’re on a train. The woman next lớn you has finished reading her newspaper. Now you want to have a look at it. What vị you say?

4) You need a match khổng lồ light your cigarette. You haven’t got any but the man sitting next lớn you has some. What do you ask him?

5) There is a concert on tonight & you are going with some friends. You think Tom would enjoy it too. Invite him.

6) You’re in the post office. You want three stamps for Japan. What bởi vì you say?

7) You’re sitting in a crowded bus. There is an ola lady standing. Offer her your seat.

8) You’re in a oto with a friend, who is driving. He is going to to park the car but there is a NO PARKING sign. You see the sign và say…

9) A friend has just come to see you in your flat. Offer him something lớn drink.

10) You are at the interview. You want khổng lồ smoke a cigarette. What vì you ask?

Exercise 4. Complete these sentences with must (not) or (not) have to (correct form)

1) You really…………work harder if you want to pass that examination.

2) Many children in Britain……………wear uniform when they go to school.

3) Last night Don suddenly became ill. We………….call the doctor.

4) I can stay in bed tomorrow morning because I…………….work.

5) What ever you do, you……………touch that switch. It’s very dangerous.

6) Ann has…………..wear glasses since she was eight years old.

7) I’m afraid I can’t come tomorrow. I…………..work late.

8) I’m sorry I couldn’t come yeaterday. I……………..work late.

9) You…………….forget what I told you. It’s very important.

10) Tom may…………..go away next week.

11) We couldn’t repair the car ourselves. We……………take it khổng lồ the garage.

12) She………….get up so early. She gets up early because she prefers to.

13) We…………..leave yet. We’ve got plenty of time.

14) When you come to London again, you……………come and see us.

15) I don’t want anyone to know. You………….tell anyone what I said.

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Exercise 5. Choose the correct answer

1) Which sentence is correct?

A. We should lớn leave soon.

B. We should leaving soon.

C. We should leave soon.

2) We………….visit Tom when we are in London.

A. Didn’t ought B. Ought C. Should

3) Which question is correct?

A. We should hotline the police?

B. Should we gọi the police?

C. Bởi vì we should điện thoại tư vấn the police?

4) Which sentence is correct?

A. We ought have a các buổi tiệc nhỏ to celebrate Kate’s birthday.

B. We ought to have a buổi tiệc ngọt to celebrate Kate’s birthday.

C. We should to lớn have a các buổi tiệc nhỏ to celebrate Kate’s birthday.

5) You…………..ride a motorbike without a helmet.

A. Shouldn’t B. Ought C. Ought not

6) Which question is correct?

A. Ought we lớn tell Jane the news?

B. Ought we tell Jane the news?

C. We ought khổng lồ tell Jane the news?

7) Which sentence is NOT correct?

A. Nick may have missed the train.

B. Nick must have missed the train.

C. Nick ought have missed the train.

8) Which sentence is NOT correct?

A. I may have left the form at home.

B. He can’t have got lost.

C. Joseph must have forget about the party.

9) We……………not have bought enough biscuits for everyone.

A. May B. Should C. Must

10) Which sentence means “Maybe John went khổng lồ the shop”?

A. John might not have gone khổng lồ the shop.

B. John may have gone khổng lồ the shop.

C. John must have gone lớn the shop.

Exercise 6. Read the situations and write a sentence with should (not), should / shouldn’t have

1) Tom has just been offered a job. You think it would be good idea for him khổng lồ accept it.

2) It’s very cold. Mr. Taylor, who has been ill recently, is walking along the road without a coat.

3) We went for a walk. While we were talking, we got hungry but we hadn’t brought anything with us to lớn eat.

4) You think it would be a good idea for all motorists to wear seat-belts.

5) I went lớn Paris. Marcel lives in Paris but I didn’t go to see him while I was there. When I saw him later, he said…

6) The notice says that the cửa hàng is xuất hiện every day from 8:30. It is now 9 o’clock but the shop isn’t open.

7) The driver in front stopped suddenly without warning và I drove into the back of his car. It wasn’t my fault.

8) You don’t think it would be a good idea for Jill & Sam lớn get married.

9) Your friend has a bad cold. Tell him that you think it would be a good idea for him to stay at trang chủ this evening.

10) The accident happened because I was driving on the wrong side of the road.

*

Answer

Exercise 1:

1) can / is able to lớn 2) been able khổng lồ 3) couldn’t / wasn’t able to

4) was able to lớn 5) could / was able khổng lồ 6) be able to 7) was able to

8) could / was able to 9) be able lớn 10) were able to

Exercise 2:

1) It must have been very expensive.

2) He must have gone away.

3) You must have left it on the train.

4) The exam couldn’t have been very difficult.

5) She must have listened to lớn our conversation.

6) He couldn’t have understood what I said.

7) I must have forgotten lớn turn it off.

8) The driver couldn’t have seen the red light.

9) I must have been asleep.

10) She couldn’t have seen me.

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Exercise 3:

1) Could you give me a hand with these boxes?

2) Could you show me how khổng lồ change the film?

3) May I have a look at your newspaper?

4) Could you give me a light?

5) Would you like to come to the concert tonight?

6) May I have three stamps for Japan?

7) Would you like a seat?

8) You can’t park here.

9) Can I get you something to drink? / Would you like something lớn drink?

10) May I smoke?

Exercise 4:

1) must / have to 2) have to / must 3) had lớn 4) don’t have khổng lồ 5) mustn’t